Home building hardware accessories, knowledge classroom, 18 kinds of hardware necessary for the door and window (Part 1)
Door and window hardware is a general term for various metal and non-metal parts installed on the doors and windows of buildings, and plays an auxiliary role when the doors and windows are opened and closed. The surface is generally plated or coated to provide durability, flexibility, and economical appearance.
Door and window hardware can be divided into building door locks, handles, hinges, hinges, door closers, handles, bolts, window hooks, anti-theft chains, door closers, etc. according to the purpose. Door and window hardware is the general name for the metal parts of doors and windows, including: hinges, hinges, rails, door stoppers, door clamps, door closers, etc.
"Door and Window Hardware" Knowledge Encyclopedia (Reference Edition)
Ordinary hinge: used for cabinet doors, windows, doors, etc. Made of iron, copper and stainless steel. The disadvantage of the ordinary hinge is that it does not have the function of a spring hinge. After the hinge is installed, various beads must be installed.
Pipe hinge: also called spring hinge. Mainly used for the connection of furniture door panels, it generally requires a plate thickness of 16~20 mm. The material is galvanized iron and zinc alloy. The spring hinge is equipped with an adjustment screw that adjusts the height and thickness of the plate up and down and left and right. One of its characteristics is that it can match the opening angle of the door according to the space. In addition to the general 90 degree angle, 127 degrees, 144 degrees, 165 degrees, etc. have corresponding hinges.
Door hinge: It is divided into ordinary type and bearing type, which has been mentioned in the ordinary type. The bearing type can be divided into copper and stainless steel. From the current consumption situation, the choice of copper bearing hinges is more, because its style is beautiful, bright, and the price is moderate.
Other hinges: glass hinges, countertop hinges, and hinged hinges. The glass hinge is used to install the frameless glass cabinet door, and the thickness of the glass is required to be no more than 5-6 mm.
Hinge hinges and dark hinges, the hinges are the ones we usually see most doors, and they are not resilient. Dark hinges are mostly used on cabinet doors.
Door and window rails are usually slotted or curved rails for push-pull doors and windows. Ball bearings are often installed to push and pull windows and doors. Refers to sliding door rails, hanging wheels, glass pulleys, bolts (light, dark).
4. Door suction
The door suction is installed behind the door. After the door is opened, it is magnetically stabilized by the door suction to prevent the wind from blowing the door.
5. Ground suction
Ground suction is a kind of door suction, also known as floor mounted door suction. Door suction, also known as door impact, is also a device that attracts the positioning after the door is opened to prevent the wind from blowing or touching the door.
6. Door clamp
The door clamp refers to the glass door clamp, which is used for clamping the glass door with the ground spring or the ground shaft to make the door operate normally. It is widely used in glass doors and windows and bathroom doors.
7. Door closer
A spring-like hydraulic device that can automatically close or fix an open door leaf at a certain position. When the door is opened, it can be released by compression, and the door is automatically closed. The function of the spring door can ensure the door is After opening, close to the initial position accurately and timely. Some have the function of hinges, and some have fire resistance. The main varieties are floor springs, door top springs, door slingshots, door trimmers, door clamps, magnetic door tips and so on.
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1 floor spring: also known as the earth dragon. The device is located at the lower part of the door and window.
2 door top spring: an automatic door closing device that closes the door leaf by the spring force of a spring or a spiral spring. A buffer cylinder is installed inside to reduce the closing speed.
3-door slingshot: It is made of low-carbon steel strip and is equipped with a low-carbon cold-drawn steel ram to close the door with elastic force.
4 door opener: a brake door leaf and a simple positioner to avoid collision of the door leaf with the wall. Installed in the outer lower corner of the door leaf, the door leaf can be positioned at any angle.
5-door chuck: A device that secures the door leaf. It consists of a knife-shaped base and a triangular steel collet. There are two types of horizontal and vertical.
8. Window opener
The window opener can open a higher position ventilation window by a certain device, and the window opening execution component determines the width of the window opening, the weight of the window opener and the locking function.